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Tetanus

Overview

Tetanus is a serious disease that is caused by bacteria. The bacteria typically affect the body’s nerves and muscles. When the bacteria enter into the body, they produce neurotoxins that travel in the whole body via lymph system and the bloodstream. The bacteria spreads in the whole body, therefore it affects with the normal functioning of the body. Basically, there are four types of tetanus-generalized tetanus, neonatal tetanus, local tetanus and cephalic tetanus. Out of them, generalized tetanus is the most common one. The disease is common in developing and less developing countries where tetanus vaccinations are not yet arrived.


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Causes

The tetanus is caused by the bacteria clostridium tetani. Normally, the bacteria live in saliva, soil, manure and dust. It enters into the human body through deep cut. The body become incapable of performing many activities due to the disease.


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Signs & Symptoms

Some of the most common and painful symptoms of the condition are:

  • Tightening of the muscles, muscle cramps, etc
  • Difficult in mouth opening or swallowing anything
  • Muscle spasm
  • Spasms of vocal chord

It is necessary to seek immediate treatment of the condition as it will lead to unfavourable results if left untreated.

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Prevention

Taking tetanus vaccination helps in preventing the disease up to a certain level. Seek medical assistance immediately if you get any kind of cut or burn.


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Treatments
Conservative Treatment Modern Medicine

The treatment of tetanus involves vaccination as well as medications. Antibiotics and painkillers are given for killing the bacteria and reducing the symptoms respectively. For instance, sedatives are given for controlling muscle spasms. If any person is facing breathing problems, ventilator support is provided to him. Needless to say, tetanus takes considerable length of time to treat.

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