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Rheumatic Fever

Overview

Rheumatic Fever is a disease that normally affects the skin, joints, blood vessels, brain, etc. The disease is a systematic immune disease and considered as an auto-immune delayed reaction of the infection caused by bacteria. The disease is uncommon in the United States and normally occurs in isolated outbreaks. The children between the age group of 6-15 years are affected by the disease.


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Causes

Rheumatic Fever is considered as an outcome of streptococcal inflammatory reaction to the throat infection or scarlet fever.


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Signs & Symptoms

The symptoms of the rheumatic fever are experienced after getting infected with the streptococcus bacteria, say after 2-3 weeks. The symptoms of the condition may vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms of the condition are:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Joint pain, swelling
  • Cardiac problems like chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Skin rashes
  • Weight loss
  • Stomach pain
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Prevention

The best way of preventing rheumatic fever is to seek immediate treatment for scarlet fever and strep throat.


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Treatments
Anti-inflammatory Modern Medicine

The best way of treating rheumatic fever is seeking prompt and antibiotic treatment for reducing the streptococcus infection. Anti-inflammatory medications like corticosteroids or aspirin are given for reducing inflammation and eliminating the infection. For treating rheumatic fever in children, penicillin is recommended that should be taken in small dosage, by mouth. Depending upon the severity of the condition, best rest is recommended from the time span of 2-12 weeks.

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