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Allergies

Overview

There is a reaction that occurs in few people’s immune system because of few things and it doesn’t matter or react in most people’s immune system. This occurrence in few people is called an allergy. People who have allergies are allergic to more than one substance. Substances most commonly known that react to a persons immune system are: Medicines, Insect Bites, Pollen, Dust mites, Pet dander, Mold spores, certain kinds of food etc.

Scientific deduction shows that allergic reactions have their root in the environment and a person’s genes also. It is the body’s exaggerated response towards allergens.

Allergic rhinitis is caused by pollen of trees, mold spores, grasses or weeds. It is generally seasonal but in few people it can be for longer spells. Recurrent allergic rhinitis is caused by house dust, some foods, mold and animal danders.

Asthama occurs due to many factors which include pollens, dust mites, animal fur, dander or feathers. Other factors cough, cold or bronchitis; tobacco smoke and can occur due to particular food or medication.

Eczema or allergic dermatitis occurs due to foods or other allergens.

Sometimes exposure to certain plants like poison ivy or poison oak, cosmetics, medications, metals and chemicals may cause allergies like Contact dermatitis

Hives also known as Urticaria occurs due to reactions from food components like nuts, tomatoes, shellfish and berries. It can also develop due to medications like aspirin and penicillin.


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Causes
Signs & Symptoms

There are different types of symptoms. These include sneezing, runny or clogged nose. Itching in eyes, nose and throat. Watery eyes and allergic conjunctivitis. A feeling of heavy chest, coughing, difficulty in breathing and breathlessness.

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Prevention

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Treatments
Avoidance Modern Medicine

There is a three point approach to treatment which includes avoidance to allergens, medication to relieve the person from the allergy and last if the allergy doesn’t come in control take allergy shots.

First step should be to take care and avoid substances that cause allergies from wearing masks in the pollen season, avoiding food substance.

Medication Modern Medicine

Second step is taking a permutation and combination of medication as prescribed and advised by the doctor. These include Decongestants like phenylephrine (Vicks Sinex) and oxymetazoline (Afrin), Steroid nasal sprays like fluticonase (Flonase), triamcinolone (Nasocort), mometasone (Nasonex) and beclomethasone (Beconase, Vancenase), Antihistamines like cetirizine (Zyrtec), fexofenadine (Allegra), chlorpheniramine maleate (Chlor-Trimeton, Coricidin), diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and clemastine (Tavist).

Immunotherapy Modern Medicine

Third Step is the Immunotherapy which entails the injections of allergen substances to "desensitize" the person. 

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