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Allergic Rhinitis

Overview

Allergic Rhinitis also known as hay fever occurs when a person inhales an allergic like dust, dander or pollen. This triggers the allergy and nasal passage inflames accompanied by watery nasal discharge and the eyes and nose become itchy.


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Causes

Hay fever is caused by inhaling pollen of plants like grasses, ragweed and deciduous and evergreen trees. Amount of pollen in the air has a direct link to hay fever. Dry, hot and windy days will act as carriers of pollen whereas cool, damp rainy days wash away pollen with them.

Genetics also play a major role in a person being prone to allergies.

Sometimes allergies are prolonged and are not contained to seasonal changes. Causes of such allergies are animal dander, cockroaches, Dust mites and molds.


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Signs & Symptoms

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis can be seen shortly are Runny nose, sneezing, teary eyes, itchy nose, mouth, eyes, throat, skin, or any area. Symptoms that might be seen with passing time are Puffiness under the eyes, irritability and fatigue, headache, sore throat, stuffy nose, coughing and memory problems and slowed thinking.

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Prevention

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Treatments
Immnotherapy Modern Medicine

The first treatment is avoiding all substance that act as allergens and cause allergies.

The second step is taking combination of medication as prescribed and advised by the doctor. These may include oral Antihistamines like fexofenadine (Allegra), and cetirizine (Zyrtec) and antihistamine nasal spray like Azelastine (Astelin). Also corticosteroid, cortisones and decongestants may be required to overcome allergies.

The third step involves taking allergy shots also called immunotherapy. Injections of allergen components are given in increasing doses so that the body gets used of allergen substance.

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