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Allergic Conjunctivitis

Overview

There is a clear, thin membrane called the conjunctiva which covers the eyeball and the inner part of the eyelids. Allergy is caused when something irritates this covering. It makes the eye red and swollen. They also might start itching, hurting or getting watery. This is called conjunctivitis also known as "pink eye."


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Causes

Exact causes cannot be pin pointed but there are irritants in the air that can cause allergies. Inheritance is also a major cause. Allergens that can cause allergies include Smoke and air pollution, skin medicines or other cosmetics, animal secretions an hair, pollen from trees, ragweed and grass and perfumes


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Signs & Symptoms

Signs and symptoms showing allergic conjunctivitis are intense itching or burning eyes, dilated vessels of the eyes, redness in the eye, stingy eye discharge, puffy eyes when the person wakes up in the morning and watery eyes.

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Prevention

Aviod allergens.


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Treatments
Anti allergic Treatment Modern Medicine

The first step involves avoiding the allergens. This sometimes can be impractical, but few home remedy steps can reduce the discomfort. Applying cool compression soothes the eyes.

The second step includes taking a combination of medication like anti-inflammatory or antihistamine drops that are put in the eyes. For severe reaction Mild eye steroid preparations are applied directly on the surface of the eye. Sometimes oral antihistamines may be required to reduce the effects of allergies.

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